What is Rovas Script?
𐲘𐳐 𐳀 𐳢𐳛𐳮𐳁𐳤𐳑𐳢𐳁𐳤
Szekely Hungarian Rovas is a writing system that is still in use today among Hungarian speaking population worldwide thanks to the Szekely nation that played a major role preserving this cultural heritage throughout the centuries. This script is originated and evolved from the Steppean and Proto-Rovas Families that were being used by various nations and tribes in Eastern Europe and Minor Asia.
The name “Rovas” means carving (mainly on materials like wood but also on stone and metal). It also means taking notes. There is also another term, “Old Hungarian” in use for this script that may not be appropriate as it supposed to refer to something that is extinct which is definitely not the case here. Read on to find out why.
𐲀 𐳥𐳋𐳓𐳉𐳗 𐳘𐳀𐳎𐳀𐳢 𐳢𐳛𐳮𐳁𐳤𐳑𐳢𐳁𐳤 𐳉𐳎 𐳑𐳢𐳁𐳤𐳢𐳉𐳙𐳇𐳥𐳉𐳢 𐳀𐳘𐳐 𐳙𐳀𐳠𐳒𐳀𐳐𐳙𐳓𐳂𐳀𐳙 𐳐𐳤 𐳏𐳀𐳥𐳙𐳁𐳖𐳀𐳦𐳂𐳀𐳙 𐳮𐳀𐳙. 𐲓𐳞𐳥𐳞𐳙𐳏𐳉𐳦𐳟 𐳘𐳐𐳙𐳇𐳉𐳇𐳯 𐳀 𐳥𐳋𐳓𐳉𐳗 𐳙𐳉𐳘𐳯𐳉𐳦𐳙𐳉𐳓 𐳀𐳘𐳉𐳗 𐳘𐳉𐳍𐳟𐳢𐳐𐳯𐳦𐳉 𐳥𐳁𐳘𐳪𐳙𐳓𐳢𐳀 𐳉𐳯𐳦 𐳀 𐳓𐳪𐳖𐳦𐳫𐳢𐳁𐳖𐳐𐳤 𐳞𐳢𐳞𐳓𐳤𐳋𐳍𐳉𐳦 𐳥𐳁𐳯𐳀𐳇𐳛𐳓𐳛𐳙 𐳁𐳦. 𐲉𐳯 𐳀𐳯 𐳑𐳢𐳁𐳤 𐳀𐳯 𐳫𐳎𐳙𐳉𐳮𐳉𐳯𐳉𐳦𐳦 𐲥𐳨𐳉𐳠𐳠𐳉𐳐, 𐳘𐳀𐳒𐳇 𐳓𐳋𐳤𐳟𐳂𐳂 𐲠𐳢𐳛𐳦𐳛 𐲢𐳛𐳮𐳁𐳤 𐳆𐳀𐳖𐳁𐳇𐳒𐳁𐳂𐳀 𐳦𐳀𐳢𐳦𐳛𐳯𐳐𐳓, 𐳘𐳉𐳗 𐲉𐳪𐳢𐳜𐳠𐳀 𐳓𐳉𐳖𐳉𐳦𐳐 𐳢𐳋𐳥𐳉𐳐𐳙 𐳮𐳀𐳖𐳀𐳘𐳐𐳙𐳦 𐲓𐳐𐳤𐳁𐳰𐳐𐳁𐳂𐳀𐳙 𐳮𐳛𐳖𐳦 𐳏𐳀𐳥𐳙𐳁𐳖𐳀𐳦𐳛𐳤 𐳀𐳯 𐳛𐳦𐳦 𐳋𐳖𐳟 𐳦𐳞𐳢𐳰𐳉𐳓 𐳋𐳤 𐳙𐳋𐳠𐳉𐳓 𐳓𐳞𐳯𐳞𐳦𐳦
𐲀 𐳢𐳛𐳮𐳁𐳤 𐳉𐳖𐳙𐳉𐳮𐳉𐳯𐳋𐳤 𐳀 𐳢𐳜 𐳐𐳍𐳋𐳂𐳟𐳖 𐳥𐳁𐳢𐳘𐳀𐳯𐳐𐳓 𐳘𐳉𐳗 𐳀 𐳮𐳋𐳤𐳋𐳤 𐳦𐳉𐳄𐳏𐳙𐳐𐳓𐳁𐳒𐳁𐳢𐳀 𐳪𐳦𐳀𐳖 𐳐𐳖𐳖𐳉𐳦𐳮𐳉 𐳖𐳉𐳒𐳉𐳎𐳉𐳯, 𐳖𐳉𐳒𐳉𐳎𐳉𐳯 𐳐𐳤 𐳀 𐳒𐳉𐳖𐳉𐳙𐳦𐳋𐳤𐳉 𐳀𐳯 “𐲛𐳖𐳇 𐲏𐳪𐳙𐳍𐳀𐳢𐳐𐳀𐳙” 𐳉𐳖𐳙𐳉𐳮𐳉𐳯𐳋𐳤 𐳐𐳤 𐳏𐳀𐳥𐳙𐳁𐳖𐳀𐳦𐳛𐳤 𐳀𐳘𐳐 𐳀𐳯𐳛𐳙𐳂𐳀𐳙 𐳙𐳉𐳘 𐳥𐳉𐳢𐳉𐳙𐳆𐳋𐳤 𐳏𐳐𐳥𐳉𐳙 𐳉𐳯𐳦 𐳐𐳙𐳓𐳁𐳋𐳂𐳂 𐳀 𐳓𐳐𐳏𐳀𐳖𐳦 𐳚𐳉𐳖𐳮𐳉𐳓 𐳉𐳤𐳉𐳦𐳋𐳂𐳉𐳙 𐳥𐳛𐳓𐳦𐳁𐳓 𐳀𐳖𐳓𐳀𐳖𐳘𐳀𐳙𐳐 𐳀𐳘𐳐 𐳀 𐳢𐳛𐳮𐳁𐳤𐳢𐳀 𐳙𐳉𐳘 𐳐𐳍𐳀𐳯 𐳏𐳀 𐳦𐳛𐳮𐳁𐳂𐳂 𐳛𐳖𐳮𐳀𐳤𐳤𐳪𐳓 𐳀 𐳦𐳋𐳘𐳁𐳂𐳀𐳙 𐳓𐳐 𐳐𐳤 𐳇𐳉𐳢𐳭𐳖𐳏𐳉𐳦 𐳘𐳐𐳋𐳢𐳦
In time and space
𐲦𐳋𐳢𐳂𐳉𐳙 𐳋𐳤 𐳐𐳇𐳟𐳂𐳉𐳙
10 interesting facts about Rovas
𐳼 𐳋𐳢𐳇𐳉𐳓𐳉𐳤 𐳦𐳋𐳚 𐳀 𐳢𐳛𐳮𐳁𐳤𐳢𐳜𐳖
- right to left direction script
- not related to German and Celtic Runes (despite some similarities)
- it has been in use continuously throughout the entire history of Hungary despite it never was an official writing system
- glyphs represent sound values
- in its early forms it skipped the majority of vowels
- it developed ligatures mostly for saving space on surfaces it was applied on
- it’s on a stamp that has been sent to the Space on a satellite called “Masat”
- Pope Benedict XVI has a copy of the New Testament in Rovas edition
- became part of the unicode system in 2016 (some glyphs are still missing though)
- included into Glyphs App in 2019
- 𐲒𐳛𐳂𐳂𐳢𐳜𐳖 𐳂𐳀𐳖𐳢𐳀 𐳏𐳀𐳖𐳀𐳇𐳜 𐳑𐳢𐳁𐳤
- 𐳙𐳋𐳏𐳁𐳚 𐳏𐳀𐳤𐳛𐳙𐳖𐳜𐳤𐳁𐳍 𐳉𐳖𐳖𐳉𐳙𐳋𐳢𐳉 𐳙𐳉𐳘 𐳢𐳛𐳓𐳛𐳙 𐳀 𐲍𐳉𐳢𐳘𐳁𐳙 𐳋𐳤 𐲓𐳉𐳖𐳦𐳀 𐳢𐳫𐳙𐳁𐳓𐳓𐳀𐳖
- 𐲘𐳀𐳎𐳀𐳢𐳛𐳢𐳥𐳁𐳍 𐳉𐳍𐳋𐳥 𐳦𐳞𐳢𐳦𐳋𐳙𐳉𐳖𐳘𐳉 𐳌𐳛𐳗𐳀𐳘𐳁𐳙 𐳏𐳀𐳥𐳙𐳁𐳖𐳀𐳦𐳂𐳀𐳙 𐳘𐳀𐳢𐳀𐳇𐳦 𐳀𐳙𐳙𐳀𐳓 𐳉𐳖𐳖𐳉𐳙𐳋𐳢𐳉 𐳏𐳛𐳎 𐳤𐳛𐳏𐳀𐳤𐳉𐳘 𐳮𐳛𐳖𐳦 𐳏𐳐𐳮𐳀𐳦𐳀𐳖𐳛𐳤 𐳑𐳢𐳁𐳤𐳘𐳜𐳇
- 𐳀 𐳂𐳉𐳦𐳓 𐳏𐳀𐳙𐳍𐳋𐳢𐳦𐳋𐳓𐳉𐳓𐳉𐳦 𐳒𐳉𐳖𐳞𐳖𐳙𐳉𐳓
- 𐳀 𐳘𐳀𐳍𐳁𐳙𐳏𐳀𐳙𐳍𐳯𐳜𐳓𐳀𐳦 𐳉𐳢𐳉𐳇𐳉𐳦𐳐𐳖𐳉𐳍 𐳦𐳞𐳂𐳂𐳚𐳐𐳢𐳉 𐳓𐳐𐳏𐳀𐳎𐳦𐳁𐳓
- 𐳂𐳉𐳦𐳞𐳥𐳥𐳉𐳮𐳛𐳙𐳁𐳤𐳛𐳓 𐳖𐳐𐳍𐳀𐳦𐳫𐳢𐳁𐳓 𐳀𐳖𐳀𐳓𐳪𐳖𐳦𐳀𐳓 𐳓𐳐 𐳌𐳟𐳓𐳋𐳠𐳠𐳉𐳙 𐳏𐳉𐳗𐳦𐳀𐳓𐳀𐳢𐳋𐳓𐳛𐳤𐳤𐳁𐳍 𐳘𐳐𐳀𐳦𐳦
- 𐳉𐳖𐳒𐳪𐳦𐳛𐳦𐳦 𐳀𐳯 𐳢𐳂𐳉 𐳐𐳤 𐳀 “𐲘𐳀𐳤𐳀𐳦” 𐳙𐳉𐳮 𐳘𐳏𐳛𐳖𐳇𐳛𐳙 𐳉𐳎 𐳂𐳋𐳗𐳉𐳍𐳉𐳙
- 𐳼𐳻𐳺.𐲂𐳉𐳙𐳉𐳇𐳉𐳓 𐳠𐳁𐳠𐳁𐳙𐳀𐳓 𐳘𐳉𐳍𐳮𐳀𐳙 𐳀𐳯 𐲫𐳒 𐲦𐳉𐳤𐳦𐳀𐳘𐳉𐳙𐳦𐳪𐳘 𐳢𐳛𐳮𐳁𐳤 𐳓𐳐𐳀𐳇𐳁𐳤𐳀
- 𐳀 𐳏𐳐𐳮𐳀𐳦𐳀𐳖𐳛𐳤 𐳪𐳙𐳐𐳄𐳛𐳇𐳉 𐳢𐳋𐳥𐳉 𐳿𐳿𐳼𐳻𐳺 𐳜𐳦𐳀 𐳂𐳁𐳢 𐳘𐳋𐳍 𐳮𐳀𐳙𐳙𐳀𐳓 𐳏𐳐𐳁𐳚𐳯𐳜 𐳓𐳀𐳢𐳀𐳓𐳦𐳉𐳢𐳉𐳓
- 𐲍𐳖𐳐𐳠𐳏𐳤 𐲀𐳠𐳠 𐳙𐳉𐳮 𐳂𐳉𐳦𐳦𐳥𐳉𐳢𐳓𐳉𐳥𐳦𐳟 𐳥𐳛𐳌𐳦𐳮𐳉𐳢𐳂𐳉 𐳿𐳿𐳼𐳻𐳺𐳺𐳺𐳺 𐳂𐳉𐳙 𐳓𐳉𐳢𐳭𐳖𐳦 𐳂𐳉𐳖𐳉
Rovas Glyphs has been included in the font creator Glyphs App during BITS 2019 conference in Chiang Mai thanks to
Rainer "Mekkablue" Erich Scheichelbauer.
𐲀 𐳢𐳛𐳮𐳁𐳤 𐳓𐳀𐳢𐳀𐳓𐳦𐳉𐳢𐳓𐳋𐳥𐳖𐳉𐳦 𐳿𐳿𐳼𐳻𐳺𐳺𐳺𐳺 𐳂𐳉𐳙 𐳓𐳉𐳢𐳭𐳖𐳦 𐳂𐳉𐳖𐳉 𐳀 𐲍𐳖𐳐𐳌𐳥 𐲀𐳠𐳠 𐳙𐳉𐳮 𐳂𐳉𐳦𐳓𐳋𐳥𐳑𐳦𐳜 𐳠𐳢𐳛𐳍𐳢𐳀𐳘𐳂𐳀 𐳀
The number symbols consist of straight lines and are very similar to the Roman numerals however, there are significant differences as well
𐲀 𐳢𐳛𐳮𐳁𐳤 𐳥𐳁𐳘𐳒𐳉𐳎𐳉𐳓 𐳉𐳎𐳉𐳙𐳉𐳤 𐳮𐳛𐳙𐳀𐳖𐳀𐳓𐳂𐳜𐳖 𐳁𐳖𐳖𐳜, 𐳢𐳭𐳘𐳀𐳐 𐳥𐳁𐳘𐳛𐳓𐳢𐳀 𐳙𐳀𐳍𐳛𐳙 𐳏𐳀𐳤𐳛𐳙𐳖𐳑𐳦𐳜 𐳒𐳉𐳖𐳉𐳓, 𐳂𐳁𐳢 𐳀𐳯𐳋𐳢𐳦 𐳤𐳛𐳓𐳂𐳀𐳙 𐳐𐳤 𐳓𐳭𐳖𐳞𐳙𐳂𐳞𐳯𐳙𐳉𐳖 𐳀 𐳢𐳭𐳘𐳀𐳐 𐳥𐳁𐳘𐳒𐳉𐳎𐳉𐳓𐳦𐳟𐳖.
There are three different ways to write numbers with Rovas symbols.
Multiplying neighbouring numbers, where the smaller value stands first
.𐲏𐳁𐳢𐳛𐳘 𐳓𐳭𐳖𐳞𐳙𐳂𐳞𐳯𐳟 𐳘𐳜𐳇𐳒𐳀 𐳮𐳀𐳙 𐳀 𐳢𐳛𐳮𐳁𐳤 𐳥𐳁𐳘𐳛𐳓 𐳖𐳉𐳑𐳢𐳁𐳤𐳁𐳢𐳀
𐲓𐳋𐳦 𐳥𐳛𐳘𐳥𐳋𐳇𐳛𐳤 𐳥𐳁𐳘𐳛𐳦 𐳞𐳥𐳥𐳉𐳥𐳛𐳢𐳛𐳯𐳯𐳪𐳓 𐳀𐳏𐳛𐳖 𐳀 𐳓𐳐𐳤𐳉𐳂𐳂 𐳥𐳁𐳘 𐳁𐳖𐳖 𐳉𐳖𐳞𐳖
2.) Additive method
Simply putting together the numbers from 1 to 5, then tens, hundreds and thousands. Similar to counting money.
𐳺𐳺.) 𐲞𐳥𐳥𐳉𐳀𐳇𐳁𐳤𐳛𐳤 𐳘𐳜𐳇𐳥𐳉𐳢
𐲉𐳎𐳥𐳉𐳢𐳫𐳉𐳙 𐳉𐳎𐳘𐳁𐳤 𐳘𐳉𐳖𐳖𐳋 𐳑𐳢𐳒𐳪𐳓 𐳀 𐳤𐳯𐳁𐳘𐳛𐳓𐳀𐳦 𐳉𐳎𐳦𐳜𐳖 𐳞𐳦𐳐𐳍, 𐳀𐳯𐳦𐳁𐳙 𐳀 𐳦𐳐𐳯𐳉𐳤𐳉𐳓𐳉𐳦, 𐳥𐳁𐳯𐳀𐳤𐳛𐳓𐳀𐳦 𐳋𐳤 𐳉𐳯𐳢𐳉𐳤𐳉𐳓𐳉𐳦. 𐲏𐳀𐳤𐳛𐳙𐳖𐳜𐳀𐳙 𐳘𐳐𐳙𐳦 𐳀𐳏𐳛𐳎𐳀𐳙 𐳀 𐳠𐳋𐳙𐳯𐳦 𐳤𐳯𐳁𐳘𐳛𐳖𐳒𐳪𐳓 𐳙𐳉𐳍
Numbers ligature design of 2023
𐲢𐳛𐳮𐳁𐳤𐳋𐳠𐳑𐳦𐳘𐳋𐳙𐳚 𐳀 𐳿𐳿𐳼𐳼𐳺𐳺𐳺 𐳀𐳤 𐳋𐳮𐳢𐳉
When it comes to large numbers, it is better to combine the above two methods. However, for numbers smaller than hundred, there is only the additive method is being used.
𐲙𐳀𐳎 𐳥𐳁𐳘𐳛𐳓 𐳉𐳤𐳉𐳦𐳋𐳙 𐳀 𐳖𐳉𐳍𐳒𐳛𐳂𐳂 𐳏𐳀 𐳞𐳦𐳮𐳞𐳯𐳯𐳭𐳓 𐳀 𐳌𐳉𐳙𐳦𐳐 𐳓𐳋𐳦 𐳘𐳜𐳇𐳥𐳉𐳢𐳢𐳦, 𐳇𐳉 𐳥𐳁𐳯𐳙𐳁𐳖 𐳓𐳐𐳤𐳉𐳂𐳂 𐳤𐳯𐳁𐳘𐳛𐳓𐳙𐳁𐳖 𐳄𐳤𐳀𐳓 𐳀𐳯 𐳞𐳥𐳥𐳉𐳀𐳇𐳁𐳤𐳛𐳤 𐳘𐳭𐳇𐳛𐳦 𐳏𐳀𐳥𐳙𐳁𐳖𐳒𐳁𐳓
Rovas Script Relics
Linguistic research and archeological findings are revealing more and more relics of this almost forgotten, underrepresented typographical heritage that is regaining popularity these days.
Some of the main findings as of today:
1 “One God” Religious writing on the Unitarian Church in Énlaka, Transylvania, 1668
2 The Lord’s Prayer from 1598
3 Medieval Coins with Rovas Symbols
𐲚𐳉𐳖𐳮𐳋𐳥𐳉𐳦𐳐 𐳋𐳤 𐳢𐳋𐳍𐳋𐳥𐳉𐳦𐳐 𐳓𐳪𐳦𐳀𐳦𐳁𐳤𐳛𐳓 𐳋𐳤 𐳖𐳉𐳖𐳉𐳦𐳉𐳓 𐳉𐳎𐳢𐳉 𐳦𐳞𐳂𐳂 𐳑𐳢𐳁𐳤𐳉𐳘𐳖𐳋𐳓𐳉𐳦 𐳦𐳁𐳢𐳙𐳀𐳓 𐳌𐳉𐳖 𐳙𐳀𐳠𐳒𐳀𐳐𐳙𐳓𐳂𐳀𐳙 𐳉𐳢𐳢𐳟𐳖 𐳀 𐳘𐳋𐳖𐳦𐳀𐳦𐳖𐳀𐳙𐳪𐳖 𐳀𐳖𐳪𐳖𐳋𐳢𐳦𐳋𐳓𐳉𐳖𐳦 𐳟𐳤𐳐 𐳦𐳐𐳠𐳛𐳍𐳢𐳁𐳌𐳐𐳀𐳐 𐳞𐳢𐳞𐳓𐳤𐳋𐳍𐳭𐳙𐳓𐳢𐳟𐳖.
𐲙𐳋𐳏𐳁𐳚 𐳒𐳉𐳖𐳉𐳙𐳦𐳟𐳤 𐳑𐳢𐳁𐳤𐳉𐳘𐳖𐳋𐳓 𐳉𐳯𐳉𐳓 𐳓𐳞𐳯𐳭𐳖
𐳺 “𐲉𐳎 𐳀𐳯 𐲐𐳤𐳦𐳉𐳙” – 𐳀𐳯 𐲋𐳙𐳖𐳀𐳓𐳀𐳐 𐳪𐳙𐳐𐳦𐳁𐳢𐳐𐳪𐳤 𐳦𐳉𐳘𐳠𐳖𐳛𐳘 𐳌𐳉𐳖𐳐𐳢𐳀𐳦𐳀 𐲉𐳢𐳇𐳋𐳗𐳂𐳉𐳙, 𐳿𐳻𐳺𐳾𐳻𐳺𐳼𐳻𐳺𐳺𐳺-𐳂𐳜𐳖
𐳺𐳺 𐲘𐳐𐳀𐳨𐳁𐳙𐳓 𐳿𐳻𐳾𐳻𐳺𐳺𐳺𐳺𐳼𐳻𐳺𐳺𐳺
𐳺𐳺𐳺 𐲓𐳞𐳯𐳋𐳠𐳓𐳛𐳢𐳐 𐳠𐳋𐳙𐳯𐳋𐳢𐳘𐳋𐳓 𐳢𐳛𐳮𐳁𐳤𐳥𐳐𐳘𐳂𐳜𐳖𐳪𐳘𐳛𐳓𐳓𐳀𐳖